LK305. The Rib Stitch (Ribbing)
The rib stitch creates ribs, or textured vertical stripes. The rib stitch consists of columns of knit stitches alternating with columns of purl stitches. It is a stretchy knit used for borders on sweaters, scarves etc.
To make a ribbed pattern, you change from knit stitches to purl stitches within a row.
The most common ribbing combinations are:
1 x 1 ribbing: Single knit stitches alternate with single purl stitches, creating very narrow columns. To create 1 x 1 ribbing, knit one, then purl one. For the second and subsequent rows, continue this pattern, making sure that pegs with a 'knit' stitch always contain a 'knit' stitch, and 'purl' always goes on on top of a 'purl' stitch. Repeat this row for the length of your piece.
2 x 2 ribbing: Alternates 2 knit stitches with 2 purl stitches. It pulls in slightly less than 1 x 1 ribbing. To create 2 x 2 ribbing, cast on a multiple of 2 stitches. Next, work every row: knit 2, then purl 2. Again, keep knits with knits and purls with purls. Repeat this row for the length of your piece.
Hint: If you want your piece to begin and end with the garter stitch, wrap one extra peg on each side and alternate those pegs between the knit and purl stitch with each row.